The entry of several imported products to Brazil is subject to permission issued by the respective Brazilian authorities that regulate the entry and commercialization of these goods.
Goods that are required to obtain a license for importation, in other words non-automatic licenses require approval from one or more out of 16 authorities, composed mainly by ministries or agencies. These licenses usually need to be requested from SISCOMEX before the shipment, but in some specific cases they can be obtained after the shipment of goods, but prior to customs clearance.
The main authorities involved in the clearance of goods are listed below:
Short for Agência Nacional do Cinema, the national film agency, ANCINE has to be informed about the import of cinematographic films to Brazil.
To import any product which transmits signals with the purpose of telecommunication to Brazil, is required to get homologation with Anatel before getting an import license. Anatel stands for Agência Nacional de Telecomunicações, or the national agency of telecommunications.
Agência Nacional de Energia Elétrica, the national agency of electric energy, are responsible for the export and import operations of electrical energy in Brazil.
Economic activities related to oil and its products, natural gas and biofuel are regulated and inspected by the Agência Nacional do Petróleo, Gás Natural e Biocombustíveis, who are the national agency of oil, natural gas and biofuel.
The import of medicine, cosmetics, perfumes, hygiene products, food, products used for cleaning and disinfecting, medical products, or in-vitro diagnostic products are subjected to sanitary control. ANVISA are responsible for licensing these products to enter the country. It stands for Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária, the National Health Surveillance Agency.
There are controlled products which also need a license from the Brazilian Army in order to enter the country. This includes more than 400 chemical products, among which are nitric acid, potassium cyanide and sodium nitrate. In this case it is necessary to obtain the CII or Certificado Internacional de Importação, which is the international certificate of import. It is issued by DFPC or Diretoria de Fiscalização de Produtos Controlados, the department of inspection of controlled products under the supervision of the Army.
The activity of bulletproofing is controlled by the Army as well, and are responsible for authorizing the import of bulletproof armours and vehicles.
Short for Comissão Nacional de Energia Nuclear, the national commission of nuclear energy, CNEN’s responsibility is to determine the trade of radioactive materials and equipment which generates ionizing radiation.
The National Council of Scientific and Technological Development, in Portuguese Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico, regulates goods destined for scientific and technological research.
DECEX stands for Departamento de Operações de Comércio Exterior, is the Department of Operations of Foreign Trade. It is the entity responsible for products which are subject to commercial defense; products which are subject to special tariff quotas; drawback operations; goods subject to compulsory certification due to INMETRO’s regulamentation; and products subject to the inspection of price, weight, measures, classification, quality and type.
The National Department of Mineral Production, in Portuguese Departamento Nacional de Produção Mineral, is the institution that authorizes the import of amianthus and diamonds.
Empresa Brasileira de Correios e Telégrafos, or simply Correios, are responsible for importing postage meters and machines which produce stamps.
IBAMA or Instituto Brasileiro do Meio Ambiente e dos Recursos Naturais Renováveis, or the Brazilian Institute of Environment and Renewable Natural Resources are responsible for authorizing the import and export of wild flora and fauna in the country. Among IBAMA’s responsibilities are: certain woods and chemicals; tires and certain vehicles; waste; materials which damage the ozone layer and products which derive from wild animals.
The National Institute of Metrology, Normalization and Industrial Quality, which in Portuguese is Instituto Nacional de Metrologia, Normalização e Qualidade Industrial are the entity responsible for the products which require energy efficiency labelling and goods that need compulsory certificates.
The import of any product of animal origin to Brazil needs a previous authorization from the Ministry of Agriculture, through the DIPOA or Departamento de Inspeção de Produtos de Origem Animal, which is the Department of Inspection of Animal Origin Products. MAPA is also responsible for authorizing the entrance of plants and beverages, including alcoholic ones.
To import live animals or material for animal multiplication, an authorization is required from CTQA or SSAs. CTQA is the Animal Traffic and Quarantine Coordination, while SSAs are the animal health services.
MCT is short for Ministério da Ciência e Tecnologia, which is the Ministry of Science and Technology. They are responsible for the import of sensitive goods that may be used in the manufacture of missiles and nuclear, chemical and biological weapons.
The Manaus Free Trade Zone Superintendence, or Superintendência da Zona Franca de Manaus, are responsible for imports which have tax benefits in Manaus Free Trade Zone.