2014/03/15: Federal Police starts the Carwash Operation in six states and in the Federal District. Seventeen people are arrested, including Alberto Youssef.
2014/03/20: Petrobras’ director of supply, Paulo Roberto Costa, is arrested.
2014/04/11: Federal Police searches Petrobras’ head office for documents and evidence that could contribute with the investigations.
2014/05/28: State representatives and senators compose an Investigation Commission. Vital do Rêgo (PMDB-PB) is the president of the commission.
2014/07/03: Brazilian court obtains evidence of relation between Youssef and Senator Fernando Collor, who had allegedly received bribes from the former.
2014/08/22: Paulo Roberto Costa accepts to sign a plea deal with Car Wash operation prosecutors in order to leave prison.
2014/09/06: Paulo Roberto Costa says 12 Senators, 49 State Representatives and at least 1 State Governor have received money illegally transferred from Petrobras. Costa indicated three political parties: ruling party PT and coalition parties PMDB and PP. PT’s treasurer João Vaccari Neto is mentioned in the statement by Costa.
2014/09/23: Youssef decides to sign a plea deal.
2014/10/02: Newspaper Folha de S. Paulo publishes documents that point that a consortium led by contractor Camargo Corrêa transferred USD 11 million (BRL 37.7 million) to Youssef’s front companies.
2014/10/05: First round of the presidential elections in Brazil. President Dilma Rousseff (PT) and Senator Aécio Neves (PSDB) receive enough votes to dispute the second round of the elections.
2014/10/08: Youssef’s former accountant, Meire Poza, says the defendant negotiated with the President of the Brazilian Senate, Renan Calheiros (PMDB) the transferring of USD 7.5 million (BRL 25 million) from the Brazilian Post Office’s pension fund in order to finance some business with Youssef.
2014/10/16: Paulo Roberto Costa says he paid bribes to PSDB’s former president Sérgio Guerra in order to help to clear out a parliamentary investigation commission (CPI) created to investigate Petrobras in 2009.
2014/10/24: Two days before the second round of the elections, according to Revista Veja, Youssef says President Rousseff and former President Lula knew about wrong-doings in Petrobras.
2014/10/26: Dilma Rousseff is reelected President of Brazil.
2014/11/14: In a new round of Carwash Operation, the Federal Police arrests 27 people. The action affects 10 companies, including Camargo Corrêa and OAS. Petrobras’ former director of engineering and services Renato Duque is also arrested.
2014/11/17: Setal signs the first plea deal involving a company in Petrobras’ scandal. Erton Medeiros Fonseca, former oil and gas director of Galvão Engenharia, says he agreed to pay bribes to Paulo Roberto Costa and Youssef after being extorted by both. According to him, the money was transferred to the Progressive Party (PP).
2014/12/08: Revista Época states that José Dirceu (former director of the PT and defendant in the Mensalão scandal) has received BRL 886 thousand from Camargo Corrêa contractor for services such as analysis of sociological and political aspects of Brazil; assessment of integration of South American countries; and international workshops and conferences.
2014/12/11: The Prosecutor Office (Ministério Público) denunciates 36 individuals for money laundry, corruption and criminal conspiracy. According to the accusations, the cartel was acting until November 14th, 2014, when 27 people were arrested by the Federal Police. The Prosecutor Office demands BRL 1.5 billion to be returned by the defendants.
2014/12/12: According to newspaper Valor Econômico, the former manager of the supply office, Venina Velosa da Fonseca had warned then-president of Petrobras Graça Foster about illegal money transferring in the company via e-mail correspondence between 2009 and 2014.
2014/12/15: Prosecutor Office denunciates four more individuals involved in the Carwash Operation: Petrobras’ former international director Nestor Cerveró; lobbyist Fernando Soares, known as Fernando Baiano; Alberto Youssef; and Toyo Setal’s executive Júlio Camargo. The prosecutors demand the defendants to pay back BRL 300 million as return of misappropriated capital and indemnification for damaged caused to Petrobras.
2014/12/17: The Court of the State of Paraná files accusations against 10 more executives from two contractors, followed by 20 more names the two next days. Co-owner of UTC Engenharia, Ricardo Ribeiro Pessoa, and officers from Camargo Corrêa and Mendes Júnior are on the list. At this moment, 39 individuals are defendants in the operation.
2014/12/30: Petrobras suspends businesses with 23 suppliers listed on Carwash Operation. The companies are temporarily prohibited from doing business with Petrobras or participating in public tenders. The companies are: Alusa (Alumni), Andrade Gutierrez, Camargo Corrêa, Carioca Engenharia, Construcap, Egesa, Engevix, Fidens, Galvão Engenharia, GDK, Iesa, Jaraguá Equipamentos, Mendes Junior, MPE, OAS, Odebrecht, Promon, Queiroz Galvão, Setal, Skanska, Techint, Tomé Engenharia and UTC.
2015/01/05: An internal audit at Petrobras shows that Petrobras bought equipment from the Petrochemical Complex of Rio de Janeiro (Comperj) before having defined the business model and structure of the refinery production, and that generated a loss greater than BRL 1 billion.
2015/01/07: Eduardo Cunha, State Representative, figures among the names to be investigated by Carwash Operation. He is suspect of receiving money through the federal police officer Jayme Alves de Oliveira Filho, who allegedly worked for Alberto Youssef.
2015/01/14: Petrobras’ former director Nestor Cerveró is arrested due to strong evidence that he has kept committing crimes such as transferring goods to relatives and benefiting from illegally obtained capital abroad.
2015/01/21: Information shown by the media presents details on the plea deal signed by Youssef, who agreed to return BRL 1.8 million in cash, hotels and real estate registered under his name in addition to all the money to be found in his personal and commercial bank accounts in exchange for a softer sentence – to be no longer than five years in prison.
2015/01/22: Judge Sergio Moro determines preventive arrest of Nestor Cerveró, who was in jail since the week before. Parts of Paulo Roberto Costa’s leniency agreement become public, revealing that he had received BRL 1.5 million to keep him from hindering the purchase of Pasadena refinery, which later caused a loss of USD 792 million to Petrobras.
2015/02/01: Leonardo Meirelles, former partner of Youssef, reveals in an interview to newspaper Folha de S. Paulo that the black market dealer has a hidden patrimony that he did not declare in his leniency agreement. According to Meirelles, he would have BRL 150-200 million, rather than BRL 50 million as stated in the agreement.
2015/02/03: Rousseff decides to substitute Maria das Graças Foster in the presidency of Petrobras. A timeframe would be established to coordinate the exit of Foster.
2015/02/04: Differently from what was agreed the day before, Foster resigns from her position together with five directors of Petrobras.
2015/02/05: The Federal Police starts one more phase of Carwash Operation. The police has 62 warrants to execute, including taking João Vaccari, treasurer of the PT, to testimony. Amongst the warrants, there are 3 temporary arrest warrants, 1 preventive arrest warrant, 18 coercitive conduction warrants and 40 search and seizure warrants. Newly elected President of the Lower House of Representatives, Eduardo Cunha authorizes the creation of a new investigation commission for Petrobras. In a statement, Pedro Barusco estimates that the PT has received USD 150-200 million between 2003 and 2013 as bribes from the 90 largest contracts of Petrobras. According to Barusco, PT’s treasurer received USD 4.5 million out of that total sum. Barusco mentions that he received USD 1 million from Odebrecht and that he received bribes from Petrobras since 1997, prior to Lula’s (PT) administration.
2015/02/06: Aldemir Bendine, former president of Banco do Brasil, is chosen to replace Foster in the presidency of Petrobras.
2015/02/27: Two executives from Camargo Corrêa sign plea agreements: the president Dalton Avancini and the vice-president Eduardo Leite.
2015/02/28: Documents found by the police in the office and residence of businessman Mario Goes, accused of being an operator of the corruption scheme at Petrobras, show that he received BRL 39.4 million from companies Andrade Gutierrez, Mendes Júnior, OAS, Odebrecht and UTC between 2006 and 2014.
2015/03/03: Attorney-General Mr. Rodrigo Janot presents 28 inquires involving 54 individuals, including politicians, mentioned in testimonies during the Carwash Operation.
2015/03/12: The Supreme Court authorizes the investigation of state governors Luiz Fernando Pezão (Rio de Janeiro) and Tião Viana (Acre). Eduardo Leite says in his testimony that Vaccari asked him to pay BRL 10 million in bribes as an official donation to the Workers’ Party (PT).
2015/03/17: José Dirceu’s banking secrecy is broken, and the police finds out he had received BRL 29 million for consulting services between 2006 and 2013. The largest contracts were signed with OAS, UTC, Engevix and Camargo Corrêa, all involved in the corruption scandal.
2015/04/10: The Federal Police starts one more phase of Carwash Operation. Former state representatives André Vargas (former PT) and Luiz Argôlo (former PP, now Solidariedade) and four other people connected to these politicians were arrested. The investigation broadens to crimes involving state-owned bank Caixa Econômica Federal and the Ministry of Health.
2015/04/15: PT’s treasurer João Vaccari Neto is arrested.
2015/04/17: An executive from Camargo Corrêa says in testimony that the company paid BRL 110 million in bribes in order to obtain contracts with Petrobras from 2007 to 2012.
2015/05/09: Newspaper Folha de S. Paulo reveals that Ricardo Pessoa, from UTC, told prosecutors he donated BRL 7.5 million to the reelection campaign of Dilma Rousseff. Pessoa signs a plea agreement and promises to return BRL 50 million to Petrobras.
2015/06/19: Police arrests the presidents of Odebrecht and Andrade Gutierrez in addition to 10 more executives from the two contractors.
2015/07/14: General Prosecution Office and Federal Police lead 53 search and seizure warrants in seven states throughout the country.
2015/07/28: The police temporarily arrests the president of Eletronuclear, Othon Luiz Pinheiro da Silva, and the president of a business unit of Andrade Gutierrez contractor, Flavio David Barra. Search and seizure warrants were executed in the offices of Andrade Gutierrez, Techint, Odebrecht, Queiroz Galvão, EBE (Group MPE), Engevix and other intermediaries that were involved in the investigated crimes.
2015/08/03: The police arrests nine people in a new phase of the Carwash Operation, including former minister José Dirceu.
2015/08/06: OAS executives are sentenced to prison, including the former president and financial director of the company.
2015/08/17: Nestor Cerveró and lobbyists Fernando Soares (Baiano) and Julio Camargo are sentenced to 12 years and 3 months, 16 years and 1 month, and 5 years in prison respectively.
2015/08/24: Eduardo Cunha, president of Brazil’s lower house of parliament, is been accused of accepting a USD 5 million bribe in return for helping a company win contracts to supply oil giant Petrobras with drill ships. As a sitting politician, Cunha’s case can only be judged by the country’s supreme court, which now must decide on whether he should face trial before it.