Brazil has 28 cargo terminals, called the TECA Network, of which 25 operate with cargo imports, 20 with cargo exports and 13 with cargo for the domestic market. The terminals Guarulhos, Viracopos, Manaus and Galeão are among the best in Latin America according to the Air Cargo Excellence Survey, made by the Air Cargo World Magazine.
The transport of cargo in Brazil is concentrated in these four terminals, but there are other airports that have a relevant participation in this activity. Here we have listed the six most important airports.
Aeroporto Internacional de Cumbica
The cargo terminal of the International Airport of Guarulhos, known as TECA GRU, is located 20 km from São Paulo city and is the largest airport complex in Latin America. It connects 29 countries, all the Brazilian capitals and main cities with more than 750 daily flights operated by 46 national and international airlines. TECA GRU has an area of 97,000 m² and transports products from various sectors including electronics, pharmaceuticals, textiles, food, automotive parts and accessories.
The cargo terminal TAM Cargo is located in the Guarulhos airport region and is the largest in the LATAM Group. It has storage capacity of 630 tons, is 11 meters high and 15 thousand square meters in area. The main purpose of the new terminal is to increase the agility of operations.
The investment for the construction of the new domestic cargo terminal was BRL 38 million. This terminal transports 1 000 tons of cargo per day and its storage capacity is 630 tons. The main products transported are electronics, car parts, machinery in general and perishable food. The main destinations are the North and Northeast regions.
Aeroporto Internacional Viracopos
Viracopos International Airport in the state of São Paulo is considered the best airport in the country, according to a survey made by the Department of Civil Aviation. It is also recognized by the Air Cargo World as one of the best cargo airports in the world. The goal is to transform Viracopos into the largest airport in Latin America not only for the transport of passengers but also for cargo transportation.
Viracopos is responsible for moving about 32% of the total air cargo transported in the country. Currently, Viracopos is the country’s second largest cargo airport, only behind Guarulhos International Airport.
Since 2012, a new management system has been implemented, and the fridge complex has been restructured and increased its capacity from 13.000m³ to 21.000m³. The equipment to handle the cargo has been renovated and high capacity forklifts purchased.
Viracopos is the first airport terminal in Brazil to have a mobile structure of heat treatment for the phytosanitary treatment of raw wood that enters and leaves the country.
Aeroporto Internacional Eduardo Gomes
The Eduardo Gomes International Airport is located 14 km away from the center of Manaus and is the busiest airport in the Northern region. In addition it is the 16th busiest in the country and the 3rd largest in terms of cargo transport. The airport has two passenger terminals, one for regular aviation and other for regional aviation.
The airport has three air cargo terminals: the Air Cargo Terminal I began operations in 1976 along with the airport and is intended for the transportation of goods produced in the Manaus Free Trade Zone. The Air Cargo Terminal II was built in 1980 and is for the transportation of exported cargo. Air Cargo Terminal III was built in 2004, and is used for the transportation of imported cargo.
Aeroporto Internacional Galeão
Galeão International Airport, also known as Tom Jobim Airport, is the second largest international airport in Brazil, located in the city of Rio de Janeiro. This is the 2nd busiest airport in Brazil after Guarulhos International Airport, with about half the number of flights. It has an area of 17.88 km² and two passenger terminals with a capacity for 7 million passengers.
The airport also has one of the largest cargo terminals in Brazil being the fourth busiest and accounting for 6.2% of the total flow of cargo through the country.
The airport of Rio de Janeiro has the second largest runway in Brazil, with 4.200 m, after Gavião Peixoto runway, which belongs to EMBRAER. The latter has 4.967 m and is located in the state of São Paulo.
Aeroporto de Cabo Frio
Cabo Frio Airport was built by the State Government of Rio de Janeiro in partnership with the Air Force Command, by the Federal Program of Assistance to Airports, also known as PROFAA. It started operations in 1998 and is the largest airport in the countryside in the state of Rio de Janeiro.
This airport is specialized in cargo transportation being the fifth largest in the country, with an area of 18.600 m². It is a hub for cargo destined for the oil industry, including the platforms of Bacia dos Campos and Santos, as well as for all factories in Southeastern Brazil.
Aeroporto Internacional Pinto Martins
The Pinto Martins International Airport is located in Fortaleza, the capital of Ceará state. It is the 3rd busiest airport in the Northeast region and the 12th busiest in the country. It is also the largest airport cargo transportation in Northeast and the 6th in Brazil, transporting about 50 tons of air cargo per year.
Among the main products are the import of spare parts for machines such as alloy steel, coils, springs, electronic converters and engines. Most of the cargo comes from the United States, China, Switzerland, Italy and Germany. In the export sector, the most important products are leather, flowers, fruits, net, ornamental fish and footwear, exported to the United States, Holland, England, Portugal, France, China and Japan.
Pinto Martins airport cargo terminal is focused on import and export operations and required investment of about BRL 39 million. The building has about 9 000 m³ of floor space and storage capacity for up to 5 tons, between domestic and international cargo.