Rio de Janeiro was the city chosen by the International Olympic Committee to organize the first Olympics in South America. In the face of such a big event, the city has to invest in infrastructure. The projects for the 2016 Olympic Games involve the construction of new sports facilities, improvement of public transport and crime reduction plans.
The investments made to host the event proceed from federal and municipal government public-private partnership. Altogether there are 33 facilities located in four regions of Rio de Janeiro, which are Barra da Tijuca, Deodoro, Maracanã and Copacabana. Among these facilities 14 are permanent and 4 temporary. The city will reuse the sporting spaces installed for the 2007 Pan-American Games and also the World Cup 2014. Among the facilities that will be used, 11 need renovations or adaptations.
Facilities in Barra da Tijuca
The region of Barra da Tijuca to the West of Rio de Janeiro is the main region where the Olympics will be held, housing 14 facilities for 21 olympic sports. The Olympic Park is one of the projects under construction in this region and is the most important of them all.
The Olympic Park, with an area of more than 1 million m2 will hold 16 olympic sports and 9 paralympic sports. During the Games, temporary facilities will be built such as the Arena of the Future, which will be transformed after the Olympics into four public schools.
In addition to the temporary spaces, new facilities will be built and will serve as a legacy for the city. Among them is a new velodrome which is bigger and more modern, a professional tennis court, seven training tennis courts, a Media Center and an International Broadcast Centre. To date, the spend on the Olympic Park amounts to BRL 2.34 billion.
Vila dos Atletas is the official site for accommodation for the athletes. The facilities will have a total of 31 residential buildings, divided into seven condominiums and 3604 apartments. Vila dos Atletas will host more than 15,000 athletes and members of foreign delegations. 70% of the works are already completed.
These facilities are next to the Olympic Park. The infrastructure works of public roads surrounding it began in 2012. The region will also get major improvements to electricity and water networks, sewage, natural gas distribution as well as urbanization, paving, road markings and landscaping.
The project also includes a commercial center, which will meet the operational needs of Vila dos Atletas during the Olympics. Located in an area of 800,000 m2, the building complex will be repurposed for different residential condominiums after the Olympics. The Park for the athletes will work as a recreational area for delegations participating in competitions and who will be staying in Vila dos Atletas. A ramp will be built to link the Village to the Park, allowing competitors exclusive access to the site.
In the region of Barra da Tijuca a golf course is also being built, which after the Olympics will be the first public golf course in the city.
Facilities in Deodoro
The region of Deodoro, also in Western region of Rio de Janeiro, will host 11 sports in the Olympics and 4 in the Paralympics. According to the Ministry of Sport, works in the region are advanced compared to Barra da Tijuca. The Deodoro Sports Complex already has about 60% of the permanent facilities completed.
Three permanent facilities will be built, which are the Deodoro Arena for basketball and fencing, Olympic BMX Centre and the Olympic Canoeing Stadium. 4 of the facilities will be renovated and 2 will be temporary.
After the Olympics, part of the complex will be a legacy for Brazil. The complex will be called Radical Park, and will become the second largest leisure park in the city, behind Flamengo Park.
With about 500 thousand m2, the park will keep the canoeing circuit and the BMX cycling track, which will continue to be used for athletes as well as the general public. The Deodoro complex construction costs, so far, amount to BRL 835.8 million.
Facilities in Maracanã
During the Olympics the athletes will compete at two of the most famous sights in Rio de Janeiro and Brazil, which are the Maracanã Stadium and the Sambadrome. The 2 facilities are part of the Maracanã region, located North of Rio de Janeiro, close to the city center.
In addition to the Maracanã Stadium and the Sambodromo, the region will hold competitions in the Maracanãzinho Gym, the Water Park Julio de Lamare and the João Havelange Olympic Stadium.
The João Havelange Olympic Stadium, known as Engenhão, will host the athletics. The stadium was built for the 2007 Pan American Games and will temporarily expand its capacity from 45,000 to 60,000 spectators. In addition, improvement and updates to the infrastructure will be made around the stadium to facilitate its operation. The entire process will cost BRL 52.3 million.
The Maracanã Stadium will host the opening and closing ceremonies of the Olympics and the Paralympics and will also host the football matches. The venue is also undergoing renovation works.
The Maracanãzinho Gym will host the volleyball matches. It was renovated for the 2007 Pan American Games. A warm up area for the competitors is also being built especially for the Olympics.
The Sambadrome in Rio de Janeiro, has been renovated and the process is complete. It will host the marathon athletic disciplines and archery. The renovation costs were estimated at BRL 65 million.
The Waterpark Julio de Lamare is located within the Maracanã Center and will host the water polo matches. It has also undergone renovations.
Facilities in Copacabana
All the beach sports will be played in Copacabana. Beach volleyball, for example, will have a temporary arena built. Next to the region is the Lagoa Rodrigo de Freitas, which will receive investment, as this area will host the rowing and canoeing competitions.